The Traffic and Mobility Working Group deals with both active and passive safety issues related to road traffic.
Correctly installed, CRS can reduce child mortality by 75% and the number of seriously injured children by 67%. However, several studies show that 50-70% of child restraints are badly installed.
The ANEC technical study (to evaluate the limits of protection offered by both forward and rearward-facing restraints for children up to four years of age) results reconfirmed that a gulf has developed between the conclusions of the technical community, based on accident and test data, and advice provided to consumers through legislation. The only international regulations governing the construction of child restraints in Europe are UN-ECE Regulation 44 and the new Regulation 129 (R 129); there is no alternative European Directive on CRS at present. It is important to maintain Regulation 44 to keep it in line with R 129. ANEC participated under the umbrella of Consumers International actively in the GRSP informal group on CRS in order to provide guidance during the development of the Enhanced Child Restraint System (ECRS) Regulation 129. Besides other improvements, consumer groups are particularly pleased that the new regulation requires the mandatory rear-facing transport of children up to 15 months of age; provides side impact protection for the first time; requires a “support leg” which connects the child seat with the vehicle as to create a tight and secure positioning of the seat. Furthermore the new regulation aims to reduce incorrect fitment of the child seat.
The first phase of the new Regulation 129 came into force on 9 July 2013. Manufacturers are now able to have Child-Restraint Systems (CRS) meeting the new i-Size Regulation type-approved. The new Regulation (R129) phase 1 can be seen as an enhancement of the well-known UNECE Regulation 44 (R44), and covers integral harness ISOFIX child restraints exclusively.
ANEC/CI continued to contribute to the development of the second phase of the new regulation on non-integral CRS and welcomed its adoption at the WP 29 in November 2016. The second phase of Regulation 129 covers non-integral enhanced child-restraint systems, i.e. child seats with optional ISOFIX attachments in which children are secured with the car seat belt.
Children taller than 100cm will be better protected from frontal impact, and especially side impact, as booster seats will need to be equipped with backrests for children of at least 135cm height. The second phase will be implemented around mid 2017.
ANEC continues participation in the remaining third phase on belted integral enhanced child restraints which is expected to be delivered in 2017.
In addition, ANEC participates in ISO TC 22 SC 36 WG 2 ‘Child restraint systems’.
Cyclists are vulnerable road users. It is important when integrating transport and safety policies to improve both the conditions for cyclists (infrastructure, driver awareness) and their protection (equipment, behaviour). Structural safety of child transport systems for bicycles and standards for bicycles, as well as related equipment and infrastructure are of particular concern to ANEC.
In view of contributing to the improvement of bicycles standards, including EPACs (Electrically Power Assisted Cycles), ANEC participates to the relevant Technical Committees at European level (CEN TC 333 ‘Cycles’ and relevant Working Groups) as well as at international level (ISO TC 149 SC 1 ‘Cycles and major sub-assemblies’ and relevant Working Groups). The revision of the bicycles standards (EN standards EN 14781, EN 14764 and EN 14766) took place under ISO lead. The new EN ISO 4210 series applies to city / trekking bicycles, mountain and racing bicycles replacing the former EN 14781, EN 14764 and EN 14766. ANEC has actively participated in the development of the new EN ISO 4210 series. The EN ISO 4210 standard consists of 9 separate parts (general requirements and specific requirements for major components) which fulfil the basic requirements of the EU mandate on bicycles (M/508). A Part 10 is underway which will be covering EPACs. Electric bicycles are covered by EN 15194 ‘EPACs’ at European level currently. It is important to safeguard that the European requirements are not weakened in the new international standard for EPACs; additional issues need to be addressed to improve the EPAC standard further.
The new EN ISO 8098, which was published at the end of 2014, replaces former EN 14765 and covers bicycles for young children.
ANEC continues to participate as A-liaison member in ISO TC 149 SC 1 WG 13 to contribute to the ‘Continuous improvement of EN ISO 4210 and EN ISO 8098’.
The Traffic and Mobility WG also contributes actively to the revision of the standard EN14344 'Child seats for Bicycles'.
More and more vehicle manufacturers have started to add electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles to their ranges. If these vehicles - able to contribute to the European target for reducing CO2 emissions - are to become mainstream, it is essential to provide infra-structure that achieves consumer confidence. This infrastructure must include equipment that allows the recharging of batteries in an efficient, user friendly and safe way. Interoperability of plugs and sockets needs to be assured, as well as billing process. The charging at domestic socket outlet at homes should be possible as well. Several standards are under development which is being monitored by ANEC in the eMobility Coordination Group and CEN TC 301’Road vehicles’. Additionally, a labelling standard for the recharging of electric vehicles at recharging points is in preparation.
Furthermore, a new work item emerged in the second half of 2013 to work on ‘Personal Light Electric Vehicles (PLEVs) and self-balancing vehicles’, e.g. segways, scooters (without seating position), hoverboards. The standard is expect to be published in 2017.
ANEC is represented in the relevant Technical Committees to advocate the consumer input.
ANEC welcomes and supports the introduction of measures intended to reduce emissions from vehicles or increase their energy efficiency. However, the achievement of such measures must not be at the expense of safety or ‘closed shopping’ to consumers.
ANEC monitors developments in UNECE WP 29 on worldwide harmonised light vehicles test procedures (WLTP) and advocates for an early implementation of WLTP. ANEC participates in the European Commission’s Motor Vehicle Emissions Group (MVEG) in order to monitor developments regarding the revision of the cars/CO2 labelling Directive 1999/94/EC and ensure that information for consumers on fuel economy and emissions of new cars is clear. ANEC has been also working in the CEN-CENELEC Joint Working Group ‘Fuel labelling’, under CEN lead, to develop (a) European standard(s) on fuel labelling taking into account the requirements of Article 7 of the Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure (2014/94/EU) regarding user information (i.e. Member States shall ensure that relevant, consistent and clear information is made available to consumers). The new standard EN 16942, which is a huge benefit for consumers, especially when driving in a foreign country, to avoid misfuelling, was published in October 2016. ANEC continues to monitor further developments regarding a harmonised implementation.
In 2017 ANEC will continue to monitor developments regarding tyre labelling. Furthermore, ANEC will monitor developments and research concerning tyre performances. In addition, ANEC joined in 2016 the Advisory Board of the PROSAFE project on the Market Surveillance of tyres (MSTYR15) which runs from 2016 to 2018.
Most car manufacturers incorporate high-tech electronic solutions to make car driving more comfortable, easier or safer. More and more systems assist or even overrule the driver. Apart from technical issues there are also legal issues in terms of liability (Vienna Convention), which need to be monitored. There is insufficient coherence among these systems, leading to risk of confusion, driver distraction or even unforeseen misuse. In many cases there is no research available on the safety impact of these new technologies. These technological developments are taking place rapidly and traditional standardisation processes cannot always keep up. The Traffic WG participates in CEN TC 278 ‘Intelligent Transport Systems’ and UNECE WP 29 to monitor issues of consumer concern.
The Traffic and Mobility WG works on a selection of consumer issues in collaboration with other ANEC WGs. The CRS use outside the car, children forgotten in cars and standards for bicycles as well as related equipment (e.g. child cycle seats and bicycle trailers) and infrastructure are being jointly monitored with the Child Safety WG. The Traffic and Mobility WG is furthermore monitoring 'silent cars' with the Accessibility WG. Additionally, car emissions and CO2 labelling of cars is monitored jointly with the Sustainability WG.
From a consumer perspective it would be desirable to offer a certain level of protection to every car occupant, irrespective of the car they are driving. Thus, the Working Group also monitors car frontal crash compatibility, safety of pedestrians, , safety in coaches and minibuses, head restraints, crash protection of older people and small sized car occupants. Additionally, the WG monitors road vehicles maintenance and repair information.
Activities in the European & International standards bodies and the Forum for Vehicle Regulations under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE):
ANEC is represented in, or monitors, the work of various Technical Committees dealing with traffic and mobility at the European and international levels, as well as Forum and expert groups at UNECE under the umbrella of Consumers International (CI) and Commission Committees.
• CEN TC 226 ‘Road equipment’, WG 9 ‘Clockwork parking meters and automatic car park ticket dispensers’
• CEN TC 252 WG 7 ‘Child cycle seats’
• CEN TC 278 'Intelligent Transport Systems'
• CEN TC 278 WG 15 'eSafety'
• CEN TC 278 WG 17 ‘Urban ITS’
• CEN TC 301 'Road vehicles'
• CEN TC 301 WG 14 ‘Electricity Fuel labelling’
• CEN TC 333 'Bicycles'
• CEN TC 333 WG 1 'Bicycle trailers'
• CEN TC 333 WG 4 'Cycles- Accessories'
• CEN TC 333 WG 5 ' Electrically Power Assisted Cycles’
• CEN TC 333 WG 8 ‘Innovative materials in bicycles’
• CEN TC 354 WG 4 ‘Personal Light electric vehicles and self-balancing vehicles’
• CEN TC 441 ‘Project Committee on Fuel labelling’
• CEN/CENELEC eMobility Coordination Group
• ISO TC 22 SC 36 WG 2 ‘Child restraint systems’
• ISO TC 149 SC 1 'Cycles and major sub-assemblies'
• ISO TC 149 SC 1 WG 13 ‘Continuous improvement of the standards EN ISO 4210 and EN ISO 8098’
• ISO TC 149 SC 1 WG 10 ‘Lighting and retro-reflective devices’
• ISO TC 149 SC 1 WG 15 ‘Electrically Power Assisted Cycles’
• UNECE - WP29 - World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (through CI)
• UNECE - GRSP - Working Party on Passive Safety (through CI)
• UNECE - GRSP Informal group on Child Restraint Systems (through CI)
• Motor Vehicles Working Group
• Motor Vehicles Emissions Group
ANEC participated in all five meetings of CEN TC 441 ‘Project Committee on Fuel labelling’. The standard EN 16942 'Fuels - Identification of vehicle compatibility-Graphical expression for consumer information' was developed following a request from the European Commission in 2015. EN 16942 will provide consumers, inside and outside their countries, with information on the compatibility between their vehicles and the fuels available in filling stations as established in Article 7 of the Directive 2014/94/EU "on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure ". EN 16942 was published on 12 October 2016. The new labelling is a huge benefit for the consumer, especially when driving in a foreign country, to avoid misfuelling. The new fuel identifiers will be appearing on new vehicles and fuel pumps as of 12 October 2018. It is important for ANEC now to contribute to a common communication so that all customers (i.e. new vehicle buyers and owners of existing vehicles that will be unaffected) will be fully aware of these new fuel identifiers, what they mean, when they will start to appear and where to find further detailed information.
On 16 November 2016, ANEC and Consumers International (CI) welcomed the adoption of the second phase of Regulation 129 (R129) on enhanced child restraint systems (the “I-size Regulation”) by UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP 29). The second phase of R129 covers non-integral enhanced child restraint systems, i.e. child seats with optional Isofix attachments in which children are secured with the car seat belt. Children taller than 100cm will be better protected from frontal impact, and especially side impact, as booster seats will need to be equipped with backrests for children of at least 135cm height.
At the same WP 29 session, the ANEC/CI proposal to withdraw Isofix from Regulation 44 (R44) was also adopted in order to reduce overlap with R129 and avoid the sale of products offering different levels of safety. Hence, as of 1 September 2017, integral Isofix child seats will no longer be approved under R44. This is a very welcome step towards gradually phasing out the old Regulation R44 once Regulation 129 is complete.