The Traffic and Mobility Working Group deals with both active and passive safety issues related to road traffic.

Work areas:

1) Child Restraint Systems (CRS)

During a car accident, Child Restraint Systems, when correctly installed, can reduce child mortality by 75% and the number of seriously injured children by 67%. However, several studies show that 50-70% of child restraints are not properly installed.

The results of the ANEC technical study, evaluating the limits of protection offered by both forward and rearward-facing restraints for children up to four years of age, have confirmed the important gap between the technical conclusions based on accident and test data, and the advice actually provided to consumers through legislation.

At present, the two international regulations addressing the development of child restraints in Europe are: UN-ECE Regulation 44, and the new Regulation 129 (R 129).

ANEC has been participating under the umbrella of Consumers International (CI) in the development of the Enhanced Child Restraint System (ECRS) Regulation. Among the improvements brought by R 129, consumer groups are particularly pleased that it now requires the mandatory rear-facing transport of children up to 15 months of age. It also provides for side-impact protection for the first time, and requires a “support leg” connecting the child seat with the vehicle to create a tight and secure positioning of the seat. The new regulation also aims to reduce incorrect fitment of the child seat.

The first phase of R 129 covered the integral harness ISOfix child restraints exclusively. It came into force on 9 July 2013, and can be considered an improvement from the UNECE Regulation 44 (R 44).

ANEC/CI also contributed to the development of the second phase of R 129, which came into force on 22 June 2017. The second phase covered non-integral enhanced child-restraint systems i.e. child seats with optional ISOfix attachments in which children are secured with the car seat belt. Children taller than 100cm will now be better protected from frontal impact, and especially from side impact, as booster seats will need to be equipped with backrests for children of at least 135cm height.

ANEC continues participating in what is left of phase 3 on belted integral enhanced child restraints which is expected to be delivered in 2017/2018.

In parallel, ANEC participates in ISO TC 22 SC 36 WG 2 ‘Child restraint systems’ in order to monitor and contribute to the new envelope accommodating 150 cm child– CRS vs. booster cushion.

2) Bicycles

Cyclists are vulnerable road users. It is therefore important when developing transport and safety policies to also look at improving the cyclists’ conditions i.e. the infrastructure and driver awareness, as well as their protection. Structural safety of child transport systems for bicycles, standards for bicycles as well as related equipment, and infrastructure are of particular concern to ANEC.

In view of contributing to the improvement of bicycles’ standards, including EPACs (Electrically Power Assisted Cycles), ANEC participates in the relevant Technical Committees at European level (CEN TC 333 ‘Cycles’ and relevant Working Groups) and at international level (ISO TC 149 SC 1 ‘Cycles and major sub-assemblies’ and relevant Working Groups). 

The revision of the bicycles standards (EN standards: 14781, 14764 and 14766) took place under ISO lead. The new EN ISO 4210 series of standards, to which ANEC contributed, replaces the three above mentioned standards and applies to city/trekking, mountain and racing bicycles. The EN ISO 4210 series consists of 9 separate parts (general requirements and specific requirements for major components) which fulfil the basic requirements of the EU mandate on bicycles (M/508).

A Part 10 is underway and will cover Electrically Power Assisted Cycles (EPACs), which are currently addressed at European level by EN 15194 ‘EPACs’. It is important for ANEC to ensure that the European requirements will not be weakened by the new international standard for EPACs.

ANEC also continues its participation as A-liaison member in ISO TC 149 SC 1 WG 13, working on the improvement of EN ISO 4210 and EN ISO 8098. The new EN ISO 8098 was published at the end of 2014. It replaces former EN 14765 and covers bicycles for young children. 

The Traffic and Mobility WG contributes actively to the revision of the standard EN14344 'Child seats for Bicycles'.

3) Electric vehicles

With the electric car market growing, more and more manufacturers have started to add electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles to their ranges. If these vehicles - able to contribute to the European target for reducing CO2 emissions - are to become mainstream, it is essential they come with the proper infra-structure to build consumer’s confidence.

This infrastructure must include equipment allowing the recharging of batteries in an efficient, user friendly and safe way. The charging at domestic socket outlet at homes should be made possible. It is also important to ensure the interoperability of plugs and sockets and lastly billing process.

Several standards are under development, and are being monitored by ANEC in the eMobility Coordination Group and CEN TC 301 ’Road vehicles’. In parallel, a labelling standard for the recharging of electric vehicles at recharging points is under progress and is expected to be published in early 2018.

A new work item emerged in the second half of 2013 on ‘Personal Light Electric Vehicles (PLEVs) and self-balancing vehicles’, e.g. segways, scooters (without seating position), hoverboards. The standard is expect to be published in 2018.

ANEC is represented in the relevant Technical Committees to advocate the consumer view.

4) Safety & emissions of motor vehicles

ANEC welcomes and supports measures intended to reduce emissions from vehicles or to increase their energy efficiency. However, the achievement of such measures should not be taken at the expense of safety or of ‘closed shopping’ to consumers.

ANEC monitors the developments in UNECE WP 29 on Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP) and advocates its early implementation. ANEC also participates in the European Commission’s Motor Vehicle Emissions Group (MVEG) to monitor developments on the revision of the cars/CO2 labelling Directive 1999/94/EC, and ensures that the information provided to consumers on fuel economy and emissions of new cars is clear.

Additionally, ANEC has been working in the CEN-CENELEC Joint Working Group ‘Fuel labelling’ to develop (a) European standard(s) on fuel labelling. The new standard EN 16942, published in October 2016, is highly beneficial for consumers, especially when driving in a foreign country, as it helps to avoid misfuelling. EN 16942 will provide consumers, inside and outside their countries, with information on the compatibility between their vehicles and the fuels available in filling stations (as established in Article 7 of Directive 2014/94/EU "on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure). The new fuel identifiers will appear on new vehicles and fuel pumps from 12 October 2018. ANEC continues to monitor developments regarding a harmonised implementation.

ANEC joined in 2016 the Advisory Board of the PROSAFE project on the Market Surveillance of tyres (MSTYR15), which runs from 2016 to 2018. In 2017, ANEC continued to monitor developments regarding tyre labelling, and will monitor developments and research concerning tyre performances.

5) Intelligent Transport Systems

Car manufacturers increasingly incorporate high-tech electronic solutions to make driving experiences more comfortable, easier or safer. More and more systems assist and sometimes overrule the driver. But there is often insufficient coherence among the different systems that could potentially lead to a risk of confusion or distraction from the driver or even unforeseen misuse. In many cases there is no prior research available on the safety impact of these new technologies. 

These technological improvements bring about not only technical issues but also legal issues in terms of liability, which need to be monitored, and traditional standardisation processes cannot always keep up the pace. The Traffic and Mobility WG participates in CEN TC 278 ‘Intelligent Transport Systems’ and UNECE WP 29 to monitor issues of consumer concern.

6) Cross-sector issues

The Traffic and Mobility WG works on a selection of consumer issues in collaboration with other ANEC WGs. The use of CRS outside the car, children forgotten in cars, standards for bicycles as well as related equipment and infrastructure, are being jointly monitored with the Child Safety WG. The Traffic and Mobility WG is furthermore monitoring 'silent cars' with the Accessibility WG. And finally, car emissions and CO2 labelling of cars is monitored jointly with the Sustainability WG.

7) Issues to monitor

From a consumer perspective, it is also important to offer a certain level of protection to all car occupants. Thus, the WG monitors car frontal crash compatibility, safety of pedestrians, safety in coaches and minibuses, head restraints, crash protection of older people and small sized car occupants. Additionally, the WG monitors road vehicles maintenance and repair information.

Activities in the European & international standards bodies and the Forum for Vehicle Regulations under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE):

ANEC is represented in, or monitors, the work of various Technical Committees dealing with traffic and mobility at the European and international levels, as well as forum and expert groups at UNECE (under the umbrella of Consumers International), and European Commission Committees.  

  • CEN TC 158 WG 15 'Helmets for S-EPAC users’
  • CEN TC 226 ‘Road equipment’, WG 9 ‘Clockwork parking meters and automatic car park ticket dispensers'
  • CEN TC 252 WG 7 ‘Child cycle seats'
  • CEN TC 278 'Intelligent Transport Systems'
  • CEN TC 278 WG 15 'eSafety'
  • CEN TC 278 WG 17 ‘Urban ITS’
  • CEN TC 301 'Road vehicles'
  • CEN TC 301 WG 14 ‘Electricity Fuel labelling’
  • CEN TC 333 'Bicycles'
  • CEN TC 333 WG 1 'Bicycle trailers'
  • CEN TC 333 WG 4 'Cycles- Accessories'
  • CEN TC 333 WG 5 ' Electrically Power Assisted Cycles’
  • CEN TC 333 WG 8 ‘Innovative materials in bicycles’
  • CEN TC 333 WG 9 'Cargo bikes'
  • CEN TC 354 WG 4 ‘Personal Light electric vehicles and self-balancing vehicles’
  • CEN TC 441 ‘Project Committee on Fuel labelling’
  • CEN/CENELEC eMobility Coordination Group
  • ISO TC 22 SC 36 WG 2 ‘Child restraint systems’
  • ISO TC 149 SC 1 'Cycles and major sub-assemblies'
  • ISO TC 149 SC 1 WG 13 ‘Continuous improvement of the standards EN ISO 4210 and EN ISO 8098’
  • ISO TC 149 SC 1 WG 10 ‘Lighting and retro-reflective devices’
  • ISO TC 149 SC 1 WG 15 ‘Electrically Power Assisted Cycles’
  • UNECE - WP29 - World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (through CI)
  • UNECE - GRSP - Working Party on Passive Safety (through CI)
  • UNECE - GRSP Informal group on Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (through CI)
  • Motor Vehicles Working Group
  • Motor Vehicles Emissions Group


Revision of EN 15194:2009+A1:2011 'Electrically power assisted cycles' 

ANEC participated in the revision of the European Standard on ‘Cycles - Electrically power assisted cycles - EPAC Bicycles (EPACs)’ at CEN TC 333 WG 5 'EPACs'.

The standard covers EPACs of a type that has a maximum continuous rated power of 250W, of which the output is reduced and then cut as the EPAC reaches a speed of 25 km/h (or sooner if the cyclist stops pedalling). Furthermore, it specifies safety requirements and test methods for the assessment of the design and the assembly of EPACs and sub-assemblies for systems using battery voltage up to 48V DC or an integrated battery charger with 230V input.

The new standard EN 15914:2017 replaces EN 15194:2009+A1:2011 and will be referenced in the Official Journal of the European Union as a harmonised standard. The revised standard will see EPACs becoming both safer and more reliable.

New European standard EN 16942

ANEC participated in all five meetings of CEN TC 441 ‘Project Committee on Fuel labelling’. The standard EN 16942 'Fuels - Identification of vehicle compatibility-Graphical expression for consumer information' was developed following a request from the European Commission in 2015. EN 16942 will provide consumers, both inside and outside their home countries, with information on the compatibility between their vehicles and the fuels available in filling stations, as established in 7 of the Directive 2014/94/EU "on deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure". EN 16942 was published on 12 October 2016. The new labelling is a huge benefit for the consumer, especially when driving in a foreign country, to avoid misfuelling. The new fuel identifiers will appear on new vehicles and fuel pumps from 12 October 2018. It is important for ANEC now to contribute to a common communication so that all customers (i.e. new vehicle buyers and owners of existing vehicles that will be unaffected) will be fully aware of these new fuel identifiers, what they mean, when they will start to appear and where to find further detailed information.

Car seats become more consumer-friendly

On 16 November 2016, ANEC and Consumers International (CI) welcomed the adoption of the second phase of Regulation 129 (R 129) on enhanced child restraint systems (the “I-size Regulation”) by UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP 29). The second phase of R 129, which came into force on 22 June 2017, covers non-integral enhanced child restraint systems, i.e. child seats with optional ISOfix attachments in which children are secured with the car seat belt. Children taller than 100cm will be better protected from frontal impact, and especially side impact, as booster seats will need to be equipped with backrests for children of at least 135cm height.

Withdrawal of ISOfix from R 44 

At the same WP 29 session, the ANEC/CI proposal to withdraw ISOfix from Regulation 44 (R 44) was also adopted in order to reduce overlap with R 129 and avoid the sale of products offering different levels of safety. Hence, as of 1 September 2017, integral ISOfix child seats will no longer be approved under R 44. This is a very welcome step towards gradually phasing out the old Regulation R 44 once Regulation 129 is complete.


To access position papers related to Traffic & Mobility please click the following link, Position papers.